Redesigning Systems Of Care For Older Adults With Alzheimers Disease
Author: Christopher M. Callahan, Greg A. Sachs, Michael A. LaMantia, Kathleen T. Unroe, Greg Arling, Malaz A. Boustani
Best-practice models of dementia care have evolved from strategies focused on family caregivers to guidelines predicated on supporting the patient-caregiver dyad along the care continuum. These models have grown in complexity to encompass medical and team-based care that is designed to coordinate dementia care across settings and providers for a defined population of patients. Although there is evidence that the models can improve outcomes, they have not been widely adopted. Barriers to the models’ increased adoption include workforce limitations, the cost of necessary practice redesign, and limited evidence of their potential cost-effectiveness. We summarize the origins, evidence base, and common components of best-practice models of dementia care, and we discuss barriers to their implementation. We conclude by describing two current efforts to implement such models on a broad scale, supported by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation. Taken together, these models seek to demonstrate improved dementia care quality and outcomes, accompanied by cost savings, in both community-based and institutional care settings.