Enhancing Shared Decision Making Through Carefully Designed Interventions That Target Patient And Provider Behavior
Author: Ming Tai-Seale, Glyn Elwyn, Caroline J. Wilson, Cheryl Stults, Ellis C. Dillon, Martina Li, Judith Chuang, Amy Meehan, Dominick L. Frosch
Patient-provider communication and shared decision making are essential for primary care delivery and are vital contributors to patient experience and health outcomes. To alleviate communication shortfalls, we designed a novel, multidimensional intervention aimed at nudging both patients and primary care providers to communicate more openly. The intervention was tested against an existing intervention, which focused mainly on changing patients’ behaviors, in four primary care clinics involving 26 primary care providers and 300 patients. Study results suggest that compared to usual care, both the novel and existing interventions were associated with better patient reports of how well primary care providers engaged them in shared decision making. Future research should build on the work in this pilot to rigorously examine the comparative effectiveness and scalability of these interventions to improve shared decision making at the point of care.